Official death toll estimations of nanjing 1937 pdf Lake Conjola

official death toll estimations of nanjing 1937 pdf

Nanking 300000? eastbound88.com The total death toll could not be confirmed, since no official records were kept. Though often contested, most estimates, including those made by the International Military Tribunal for the Far East and the Nanjing War Crimes Tribunal, put the number of dead between 300,000 and 350,000.

Death toll of the Nanjing Massacre Wikipedia

Nanking Massacre Infogalactic the planetary knowledge core. The oldest survivor of the 1937 Nanking massacre died on Sunday at the age of 100, China’s state media reported, just days before the 80th anniversary of the mass killings on Wednesday., Japan’s Intervention In China, 1937 (1) Some global changes (2) Japan as a colonial power (3) Japan’s intervention in China (4) Nanjing (Nanking).

The total death toll of the Nanjing Massacre is a highly contentious subject in Chinese and Japanese historiography. Following the outbreak of the Second Sino-Japanese War, the Japanese Imperial Army marched from Shanghai to the Chinese capital city of Nanking, and though a large number of Chinese POWs and civilians were slaughtered by the The events of December, 1937 in Nanjing are long-standing causes of contention rooted in political differences of opinion between China and Japan. The Chinese view is unified, expressed in the "300,000 victims" engraved on the memorial walls in Nanjing, which bluntly refers to the Chinese opinion and entity of the "Great Massacre School." Views in Japan range from complete denial to agreement

The Nanjing Massacre was a massacre (an unjust killing of many people) that happened in Nanjing, China, in December of 1937 and January of 1938. It was part of the Second Sino-Japanese War , which was the part of World War II between China and Japan . China's official estimate is more than 300,000 dead based on the evaluation of the Nanjing War Crimes Tribunal in 1947. The death toll has been actively contested among scholars since the 1980s. The death toll has been actively contested among scholars since the 1980s.

The International Military Tribunal of the Far East estimates 260,000 casualties; China's official estimate is 300,000 casualties, based on the evaluation of the Nanking War Crimes Tribunal. Japanese historians estimate a lower death toll, in the vicinity of 100,000-200,000. Some claim the existence of only 40,000 deaths or even deny that a widespread, systematic massacre occurred at all 14/12/2015В В· The Nanking Massacre or Nanjing Massacre, also known as the Rape of Nanking or Rape of Nanjing, was an episode during the Second Sino-Japanese War of mass murder and mass rape by Japanese troops against the residents of Nanjing (then spelled Nanking), then capital of the Republic of China.

24/04/2005 · Take the Rape of Nanjing in 1937, which was so brutal that thereツ‘s no need to exaggerate it. One appalled witness in the thick of the killing, John Rabe, put the death toll at 50,000 to 60,000. Another, Miner Searle Bates, estimated that 12,000 civilians and 28,000 soldiers had been killed. The Chinese delegate to the League of Nations at the time put the civilian toll at 20,000. A 30/08/2009 · City of Life and Death tells the story of the occupation of Nanjing in Dec 1937 by Japanese troops who carried out a massacre over the ensuing six weeks. Chinese sources say 300,000 were killed; some scholars say the number is closer to 90,000.

13/12/2018 · China says Japanese troops killed 300,000 people in Nanjing during the 1937 massacre. A postwar Allied tribunal put the death toll in the eastern city of Nanjing … China’s official estimate is more than 300,000 dead based on the evaluation of the Nanking War Crimes Tribunal in 1947. The International Military Tribunal for the Far East estimated that, in an addition to children and the elderly, 20,000 women were raped.

II. A COOL LOOK AT IRIS CHANG'S BESTSELLER. On December 13, 1997, the sixtieth anniversary of the fall of Nanking, events marking the occasion were held in cities around the world, including Nanjing (as Nanking is now called), Tokyo, Osaka, Taipei, Hong Kong, and San Francisco. 14/12/2015В В· The Nanking Massacre or Nanjing Massacre, also known as the Rape of Nanking or Rape of Nanjing, was an episode during the Second Sino-Japanese War of mass murder and mass rape by Japanese troops against the residents of Nanjing (then spelled Nanking), then capital of the Republic of China.

In addition, the total civilian population of Nanking in December 1937 and the size of the Chinese garrison defending the city are used as a basis for calculating the death toll, though the matter is complicated due to greatly varying estimates for both of these numbers. II. A COOL LOOK AT IRIS CHANG'S BESTSELLER. On December 13, 1997, the sixtieth anniversary of the fall of Nanking, events marking the occasion were held in cities around the world, including Nanjing (as Nanking is now called), Tokyo, Osaka, Taipei, Hong Kong, and San Francisco.

2 Nanking or Nanjing • Ancient capital city of China. • Located on the Yangtze River • “The Venice of China” • December 13, 1937 The Japanese Other nations believe the death toll to be between 150,000300,000, based on the Nanjing War Crimes Tribunal verdict, and another estimate of the civilian toll (excluding soldiers and POWs) is about 40,00060,000, which corresponds to the figures from three sources; one is the Red Army's official journal of the time, Hangdibao and another is that of Miner Searle Bates of the International Safety

Its death toll remains hotly disputed particularly among Japanese historians, though the official Chinese estimate is 300,000. Source: Kinney, D. (2012). Rediscovering a massacre: The filmic legacy of Iris Chang’s The Rape of Nanking. Other nations believe the death toll to be between 150,000300,000, based on the Nanjing War Crimes Tribunal verdict, and another estimate of the civilian toll (excluding soldiers and POWs) is about 40,00060,000, which corresponds to the figures from three sources; one is the Red Army's official journal of the time, Hangdibao and another is that of Miner Searle Bates of the International Safety

In China the figure of 300,000, the death toll reckoned at the Nanking War Crimes Tribunal, is the official estimate engraved on the stone wall at the entrance of the Qin-Hua Rijun Nanjing Datsusha Yunan Tongbao Jinianguan, or the Memorial Hall for Compatriot Victims of the Japanese Military’s Nanjing Massacre. 13/12/2018 · China says Japanese troops killed 300,000 people in Nanjing during the 1937 massacre. A postwar Allied tribunal put the death toll in the eastern city of Nanjing …

Hitler and the “Nanking Massacre” Exposed in Rabe’s Diary

official death toll estimations of nanjing 1937 pdf

Documents of Nanjing Massacre UNESCO. 21/04/2017 · China's official estimate is more than 300,000 dead based on the evaluation of the Nanjing War Crimes Tribunal in 1947. The death toll has …, The 1937 Nanjing Massacre (traditionally known in the West as the ‘Rape of Nanking’) remains the most infamous incident in the troubled history of Sino-Japanese relations..

Nanking Massacre Wikipedia the free encyclopedia. The total death toll could not be confirmed, since no official records were kept. Though often contested, most estimates, including those made by the International Military Tribunal for the Far East and the Nanjing War Crimes Tribunal, put the number of dead between 300,000 and 350,000., The death toll of 300,000 is the official estimate engraved on the stone wall at the entrance of the "Memorial Hall for Compatriot Victims of the Japanese Military's Nanking Massacre" in Nanjing. In 1947 at the Nanking War Crimes Tribunal, the verdict of Lieutenant General Tani Hisao , the commander of the 6th Division quoted the figure of more than 300,000 death tolls..

Hitler and the “Nanking Massacre” Exposed in Rabe’s Diary

official death toll estimations of nanjing 1937 pdf

The Rape of Nanking (book) Sensagent.com. 14/12/2015 · The Nanking Massacre or Nanjing Massacre, also known as the Rape of Nanking or Rape of Nanjing, was an episode during the Second Sino-Japanese War of mass murder and mass rape by Japanese troops against the residents of Nanjing (then spelled Nanking), then capital of the Republic of China. ⁘ Shanghai And Nanjing 1937 Massacre On The Yangtze Campaign ⁘ search your keyword in our site. ⁜ Shanghai And Nanjing 1937 Massacre On The Yangtze Campaign ⁜ Books provided in various file formats such as: eBooks , ePub , Adobe PDF , Rtf , Kindle Fire , Paperback , iBook , Harcover , Audiobooks , Docx , etc. which can be Read Online and you are full download..

official death toll estimations of nanjing 1937 pdf

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  • The death toll of 300,000 is the official estimate engraved on the stone wall at the entrance of the "Memorial Hall for Compatriot Victims of the Japanese Military's Nanking Massacre" in Nanjing. In 1947 at the Nanking War Crimes Tribunal, the verdict of Lieutenant General Tani Hisao , the commander of the 6th Division quoted the figure of more than 300,000 death tolls. Introduction . The Nanjing (or Nanking) Incident (also known as the Rape of Nanjing, the Nanjing Massacre and the Nanjing Atrocities) remains a highly controversial episode in Sino-Japanese relations.

    Nanking Massacre. 541 likes. The Nanking Massacre was an episode of mass murder and mass rape committed by Japanese troops against the residents of... The Nanking Massacre was an episode of mass murder and mass rape committed by Japanese troops against the residents of... The oldest survivor of the 1937 Nanking massacre died on Sunday at the age of 100, China’s state media reported, just days before the 80th anniversary of the mass killings on Wednesday.

    The events of December, 1937 in Nanjing are long-standing causes of contention rooted in political differences of opinion between China and Japan. 13/12/2018 · China says Japanese troops killed 300,000 people in Nanjing during the 1937 massacre. A postwar Allied tribunal put the death toll in the eastern city of Nanjing …

    The total death toll of the Nanjing Massacre is a highly contentious subject in Chinese and Japanese historiography. Following the outbreak of the Second Sino-Japanese War, the Japanese Imperial Army marched from Shanghai to the Chinese capital city of Nanking, and though a large number of Chinese POWs and civilians were slaughtered by the The death toll of 300,000 is the official estimate engraved on the stone wall at the entrance of the "Memorial Hall for Compatriot Victims of the Japanese Military's Nanking Massacre" in Nanjing. In 1947 at the Nanking War Crimes Tribunal, the verdict of Lieutenant General Tani Hisao , the commander of the 6th Division quoted the figure of more than 300,000 death tolls.

    13/12/2018 · China says Japanese troops killed 300,000 people in Nanjing during the 1937 massacre. A postwar Allied tribunal put the death toll in the eastern city of Nanjing … The Nanking Massacre, commonly known as the Rape of Nanking, was a war crime committed by the Japanese military in Nanjing, then capital of the Republic of China, after it fell to the Imperial Japanese Army on 13 December 1937.

    Its death toll remains hotly disputed particularly among Japanese historians, though the official Chinese estimate is 300,000. This figure, set in stone as if to quantify the city's trauma, has confronted visitors to the Nanjing Massacre Memorial Museum since its opening in 1985. December 13, 2007 marks the 70th anniversary of the fall of the Chinese city of Nanking to the Japanese army. The "Nanking Atrocity" of winter 1937-8, also known as the "Nanking Massacre," lies at the core of bitter disputes over history, wartime victimization, and postwar restitution that preclude amicable Sino-Japanese relations to this day.

    Its death toll remains hotly disputed particularly among Japanese historians, though the official Chinese estimate is 300,000. Source: Kinney, D. (2012). Rediscovering a massacre: The filmic legacy of Iris Chang’s The Rape of Nanking. Introduction . The Nanjing (or Nanking) Incident (also known as the Rape of Nanjing, the Nanjing Massacre and the Nanjing Atrocities) remains a highly controversial episode in Sino-Japanese relations.

    Nanjing Massacre, conventional Nanking Massacre, also called Rape of Nanjing, (December 1937–January 1938), mass killing and ravaging of Chinese citizens and capitulated soldiers by soldiers of the Japanese Imperial Army after its seizure of Nanjing, China, on December 13, 1937, during the Sino-Japanese War that preceded World War II. The number of Chinese killed in the massacre has … It is safe to say that today the majority of historians estimate the death toll of the Nanking Atrocities in the range between 200,000 and 300,000 as claimed by the International Military Tribunal for the Far East or the Nanjing War Crimes Tribunal.

    Its death toll remains hotly disputed particularly among Japanese historians, though the official Chinese estimate is 300,000. Source: Kinney, D. (2012). Rediscovering a massacre: The filmic legacy of Iris Chang's The Rape of Nanking. The Nanking Massacre, commonly known as "The Rape of Nanking", refers to the most infamous of the war crimes committed by the Japanese military during World War II—acts carried out by Japanese troops in and around Nanjing (then known in English as Nanking), China, after it fell to the Imperial Japanese Army on December 13, 1937.

    The events of December, 1937 in Nanjing are long-standing causes of contention rooted in political differences of opinion between China and Japan. The Chinese view is unified, expressed in the "300,000 victims" engraved on the memorial walls in Nanjing, which bluntly refers to the Chinese opinion and entity of the "Great Massacre School." Views in Japan range from complete denial to agreement Japan’s Intervention In China, 1937 (1) Some global changes (2) Japan as a colonial power (3) Japan’s intervention in China (4) Nanjing (Nanking)

    21/04/2017 · China's official estimate is more than 300,000 dead based on the evaluation of the Nanjing War Crimes Tribunal in 1947. The death toll has … The 1937 Nanjing Massacre (traditionally known in the West as the ‘Rape of Nanking’) remains the most infamous incident in the troubled history of Sino-Japanese relations.

    Nanking Massacre [PDF Document]

    official death toll estimations of nanjing 1937 pdf

    China marks Nanjing Massacre anniversary but Xi low key. It is safe to say that today the majority of historians estimate the death toll of the Nanking Atrocities in the range between 200,000 and 300,000 as claimed by the International Military Tribunal for the Far East or the Nanjing War Crimes Tribunal., 9/04/2015В В· Nanking Massacre studies in Japan eventually became divided into three camps based on their death toll estimates: the "illusion" school of Nanking Massacre deniers, the "great massacre" school which believes hundreds of thousands were killed, and the "middle-of-the-road" or "centrist" school which puts the number in the tens of thousands.[18].

    Nanking Massacre definition of Nanking Massacre and

    Death toll of the Nanking Massacre ipfs.io. China’s official estimate is more than 300,000 dead based on the evaluation of the Nanking War Crimes Tribunal in 1947. The International Military Tribunal for the Far East estimated that, in an addition to children and the elderly, 20,000 women were raped., However, death toll estimates vary widely with some ranging as low as 40,000. Moreover, intense controversy surrounds these estimates, reflecting just how divisive the "forgotten Holocaust," in the words of author Iris Chang, remains to this day..

    It is safe to say that today the majority of historians estimate the death toll of the Nanking Atrocities in the range between 200,000 and 300,000 as claimed by the International Military Tribunal for the Far East or the Nanjing War Crimes Tribunal. The total death toll could not be confirmed, since no official records were kept. Though often contested, most estimates, including those made by the International Military Tribunal for the Far East and the Nanjing War Crimes Tribunal, put the number of dead between 300,000 and 350,000.

    contemporary Western observers' estimates of'the death toll 'in and around Nanjing ranged from 10,000 to 40,000, ofwhich 10,000 to 12,000 were civilians. As demonstrated by Table 1, "The Population ofNanjing: December 17, 1937В­ China's official estimate is more than 300,000 dead based on the evaluation of the Nanjing War Crimes Tribunal in 1947. The death toll has been actively contested among scholars since the 1980s. The death toll has been actively contested among scholars since the 1980s.

    2 Nanking or Nanjing • Ancient capital city of China. • Located on the Yangtze River • “The Venice of China” • December 13, 1937 The Japanese 24/04/2005 · Take the Rape of Nanjing in 1937, which was so brutal that thereツ‘s no need to exaggerate it. One appalled witness in the thick of the killing, John Rabe, put the death toll at 50,000 to 60,000. Another, Miner Searle Bates, estimated that 12,000 civilians and 28,000 soldiers had been killed. The Chinese delegate to the League of Nations at the time put the civilian toll at 20,000. A

    The events of December, 1937 in Nanjing are long-standing causes of contention rooted in political differences of opinion between China and Japan. 14/08/2015В В· The Nanking Massacre or Nanjing Massacre, also known as the Rape of Nanking or Rape of Nanjing, was an episode during the Second Sino-Japanese War of mass murder and mass rape by Japanese troops against the residents of Nanjing (then spelled Nanking), then capital of the Republic of China.

    the nanjing massacre 1937 Download the nanjing massacre 1937 or read online here in PDF or EPUB. Please click button to get the nanjing massacre 1937 book now. Its death toll remains hotly disputed particularly among Japanese historians, though the official Chinese estimate is 300,000. This figure, set in stone as if to quantify the city's trauma, has confronted visitors to the Nanjing Massacre Memorial Museum since its opening in 1985.

    The Nanking Massacre or Nanjing Massacre, also known as the Rape of Nanking, was a mass murder and war rape that occurred during the six-week period following the Japanese capture of the city of Nanking (Nanjing), the former capital of the Republic of China, on December 13, 1937 during the Second Sino-Japanese War. Estimates of the death toll vary widely, ranging from 40,000 to over 300,000. [2] [3] Some scholars, notably the revisionists in Japan, have contended that the actual death toll is far lower, or even that the event was entirely fabricated and never occurred at all.

    The Rape of Nanking: The Forgotten Holocaust of World War II is a bestselling 1997 non-fiction book written by Iris Chang about the 1937-1938 Nanking Massacre, the massacre and atrocities committed by the Imperial Japanese Army after it captured Nanjing, then capital of China, during the Second Sino-Japanese War. It documents the events, based on the author's research, leading up to the December 13, 2007 marks the 70th anniversary of the fall of the Chinese city of Nanking to the Japanese army. The "Nanking Atrocity" of winter 1937-8, also known as the "Nanking Massacre," lies at the core of bitter disputes over history, wartime victimization, and postwar restitution that preclude amicable Sino-Japanese relations to this day.

    The Nanking Massacre or Nanjing Massacre, also known as the Rape of Nanking, was a mass murder, and war rape that occurred during the six-week period following the Japanese capture of the city of Nanjing (Nanking), the former capital of the Republic of China, on December 13, 1937 during the Second Sino-Japanese War. 9/04/2015В В· Nanking Massacre studies in Japan eventually became divided into three camps based on their death toll estimates: the "illusion" school of Nanking Massacre deniers, the "great massacre" school which believes hundreds of thousands were killed, and the "middle-of-the-road" or "centrist" school which puts the number in the tens of thousands.[18]

    The death toll of 300,000 is the official estimate engraved on the stone wall at the entrance of the "Memorial Hall for Compatriot Victims of the Japanese Military's Nanking Massacre" in Nanjing. In 1947 at the Nanking War Crimes Tribunal, the verdict of Lieutenant General Tani Hisao , the commander of the 6th Division quoted the figure of more than 300,000 death tolls. By some estimations, within three months (December 13, 1937 – March 1938) the Japanese army killed more than 300,000 innocent Chinese and raped up to 80,000 women in the city of Nanking. Not only was the number of victims so high, the manner in which these victims met their death was extremely cruel and diverse (beheading, bayoneting, burying alive, burning, gang-raping, etc.), so ghastly in

    Nanjing on 13 December 1937. Sadly for the historian, the Nanjing Incident is not only an important episode in Sino-Japanese relations, but is also emerging as a foundation stone in the construction of the modern Chinese national identity.3 As a result, the historian’s interest in and analysis of this event can be interpreted as an attack on the contemporary Chinese identity, while a refusal The events of December, 1937 in Nanjing are long-standing causes of contention rooted in political differences of opinion between China and Japan. The Chinese view is unified, expressed in the "300,000 victims" engraved on the memorial walls in Nanjing, which bluntly refers to the Chinese opinion and entity of the "Great Massacre School." Views in Japan range from complete denial to agreement

    Nanking Massacre definition of Nanking Massacre and

    official death toll estimations of nanjing 1937 pdf

    Documents on the Rape ofNanking History Department. 21/04/2017 · China's official estimate is more than 300,000 dead based on the evaluation of the Nanjing War Crimes Tribunal in 1947. The death toll has …, The International Military Tribunal of the Far East estimates 260,000 casualties; China's official estimate is 300,000 casualties, based on the evaluation of the Nanking War Crimes Tribunal. Japanese historians estimate a lower death toll, in the vicinity of 100,000-200,000. Some claim the existence of only 40,000 deaths or even deny that a widespread, systematic massacre occurred at all.

    Nanjing Massacre Essay – Free Papers and Essays Examples

    official death toll estimations of nanjing 1937 pdf

    The Death Toll Estimates in the 1990s – The Nanking Massacre. the range [in the alleged death toll], that the Japanese troops committed a large-scale massacre and a variety of misconducts in Nanking is an undeniable fact, and as a Japanese national, I would like to express my heart-felt apology to the Chinese people.” (1986, p. 244) 9/04/2015 · Nanking Massacre studies in Japan eventually became divided into three camps based on their death toll estimates: the "illusion" school of Nanking Massacre deniers, the "great massacre" school which believes hundreds of thousands were killed, and the "middle-of-the-road" or "centrist" school which puts the number in the tens of thousands.[18].

    official death toll estimations of nanjing 1937 pdf


    The 1937 Nanjing Massacre (traditionally known in the West as the ‘Rape of Nanking’) remains the most infamous incident in the troubled history of Sino-Japanese relations. 18/12/2017 · Meanwhile in Japan, estimates of the death toll by experts range from the tens of thousands to 200,000. But few Japanese historians deny that such a large-scale massacre took place.

    The oldest survivor of the 1937 Nanking massacre died on Sunday at the age of 100, China’s state media reported, just days before the 80th anniversary of the mass killings on Wednesday. The Nanking Massacre or Nanjing Massacre, also known as the Rape of Nanking, was a mass murder and war rape that occurred during the six-week period following the Japanese capture of the city of Nanking (Nanjing), the former capital of the Republic of China, on December 13, 1937 during the Second Sino-Japanese War.

    14/12/2015В В· The Nanking Massacre or Nanjing Massacre, also known as the Rape of Nanking or Rape of Nanjing, was an episode during the Second Sino-Japanese War of mass murder and mass rape by Japanese troops against the residents of Nanjing (then spelled Nanking), then capital of the Republic of China. 14/12/2015В В· The Nanking Massacre or Nanjing Massacre, also known as the Rape of Nanking or Rape of Nanjing, was an episode during the Second Sino-Japanese War of mass murder and mass rape by Japanese troops against the residents of Nanjing (then spelled Nanking), then capital of the Republic of China.

    Watch videoВ В· There are no official numbers for the death toll in the Nanking Massacre, though estimates range from 200,000 to 300,000 people. Soon after the end of the war, Matsui and his lieutenant Tani Hisao A postwar Allied tribunal put the death toll in the eastern city of Nanjing at 142,000, but some conservative Japanese politicians and scholars deny a massacre took place at all.

    30/08/2009 · City of Life and Death tells the story of the occupation of Nanjing in Dec 1937 by Japanese troops who carried out a massacre over the ensuing six weeks. Chinese sources say 300,000 were killed; some scholars say the number is closer to 90,000. The 1937 Nanjing Massacre (traditionally known in the West as the ‘Rape of Nanking’) remains the most infamous incident in the troubled history of Sino-Japanese relations.

    China’s official estimate is more than 300,000 dead based on the evaluation of the Nanking War Crimes Tribunal in 1947. The International Military Tribunal for the Far East estimated that, in an addition to children and the elderly, 20,000 women were raped. 14/12/2015 · The Nanking Massacre or Nanjing Massacre, also known as the Rape of Nanking or Rape of Nanjing, was an episode during the Second Sino-Japanese War of mass murder and mass rape by Japanese troops against the residents of Nanjing (then spelled Nanking), then capital of the Republic of China.

    II. A COOL LOOK AT IRIS CHANG'S BESTSELLER. On December 13, 1997, the sixtieth anniversary of the fall of Nanking, events marking the occasion were held in cities around the world, including Nanjing (as Nanking is now called), Tokyo, Osaka, Taipei, Hong Kong, and San Francisco. The Nanjing Massacre was a massacre (an unjust killing of many people) that happened in Nanjing, China, in December of 1937 and January of 1938. It was part of the Second Sino-Japanese War , which was the part of World War II between China and Japan .

    The oldest survivor of the 1937 Nanking massacre died on Sunday at the age of 100, China’s state media reported, just days before the 80th anniversary of the mass killings on Wednesday. Its death toll remains hotly disputed particularly among Japanese historians, though the official Chinese estimate is 300,000. Source: Kinney, D. (2012). Rediscovering a massacre: The filmic legacy of Iris Chang’s The Rape of Nanking.

    The Nanking Massacre or Nanjing Massacre, also known as the Rape of Nanking, was a mass murder and war rape that occurred during the six-week period following the Japanese capture of the city of Nanking (Nanjing), the former capital of the Republic of China, on December 13, 1937 during the Second Sino-Japanese War. The total death toll could not be confirmed, since no official records were kept. Though often contested, most estimates, including those made by the International Military Tribunal for the Far East and the Nanjing War Crimes Tribunal, put the number of dead between 300,000 and 350,000.

    The 1937 Nanjing Massacre (traditionally known in the West as the ‘Rape of Nanking’) remains the most infamous incident in the troubled history of Sino-Japanese relations. Its death toll remains hotly disputed particularly among Japanese historians, though the official Chinese estimate is 300,000. This figure, set in stone as if to quantify the city's trauma, has confronted visitors to the Nanjing Massacre Memorial Museum since its opening in 1985.

    1937 nanking massacre, china mass murder and war rape that occurred during the 6 week period following the japanese capture of the city of nanjing (nanking), former capital of the republic of china, in 1937 during the 2nd sino-japanese war. hundreds of thousands of chinese civilians and disarmed soldiers were murdered and 20,000–80,000 women Introduction . The Nanjing (or Nanking) Incident (also known as the Rape of Nanjing, the Nanjing Massacre and the Nanjing Atrocities) remains a highly controversial episode in Sino-Japanese relations.